Monday, November 30, 2009
Patron of Lawyers
Thomas was born in 1478. His father, Sir John More, is a judge at the royal court. While still a child, Thomas was sent to St. Anthony's School in London and at 13, was placed in the household of the Archbishop of Canterbury. The boy’s merry disposition and brilliant intellect attracted the notice of the archbishop, who sent him to Canterbury College of the Benedictines at Oxford. Thomas took interest in law, French, Greek, Latin, history, math and learned to play the flute as well as the violin. He also involved himself in mini-comedies and epigrams.
His father sent him to law school in London and at the age of 21, Thomas More was a lawyer himself. His great abilities had attracted attention and he was appointed lecturer on law and his lectures were highly esteemed that the appointment was renewed for three successive years. At 26, he joined the House of Commons wherein he began to oppose the large and unjust exactions of money which King Henry VII was making from his subjects.
By 1510, Thomas became a legal advisor to the mayor and a judge in civil cases.
He went to live near the London Charterhouse and has taken part in the spiritual exercises of the monks there. His mind wavered for some time between joining the Carthusians or the Franciscans. In the end, he abandoned the hope of becoming a priest or religious and married Jane Colt, the 17-year-old daughter of a country squire. Of it were born three daughters, Margaret, Elizabeth, and Cecilia, and a son, John. After about 6 year, Jane More died. Thomas married again very soon after his first wife's death and he chose a widow named Alice Middleton, who became devoted to the care of More's young children.
Despite his busy political career, he is a devoted family man and has maintained the deep ascetical life. Thomas was good humored and can pull out jokes and find laughter even from things that are most serious.
The Mores kept an open house and invited poor neighbors in for dinner and even let them sleep over at their house. He also put up a hospital. Thomas is known for his sense of justice, humor and integrity.
In 1521, Thomas was knighted; made sub-treasurer to the king and was nominated speaker in Parliament. Sir Thomas More came to be the favorite of the King.
Thomas had purchased a piece of land in Chelsea. Here, he built himself a mansion about a hundred yards from the north bank of the Thames, with a large garden stretching along the river. The king would sometimes visit without previous notice and he loved to dine with Thomas or walk in the garden with his arm amicably flung over More's shoulder, enjoying his brilliant conversation. In 1525, Sir Thomas More became Chancellor, controlling the courts of Lancaster and managing the properties of the king.
Sights Set on God
But the Chancellor had no illusions about the royal favor he enjoyed.
When Henry VIII appealed to Rome for a dispensation from his marriage with Catherine of Aragon, Henry hoped to have a powerful support from his close friends. Sir Thomas, however, denied him that, firmly believing that a valid marriage can never be annulled.
A few months later came the royal proclamation ordering the clergy to acknowledge Henry as "Supreme Head" of the Church. Thomas at once filed his resignation as chancellor and for the next eighteen months, Thomas More lived in seclusion and gave much time to writing. He stayed away from Anne Boleyn's coronation despite an expressed invitation, and adapted silence as the least offensive manifestation of his protest.
In 1534, the king passed a law imposing upon all the demand to abjure the authority of the Pope. Sir Thomas More adhered to his conscience and refused to make this oath.
Thomas spent his days of imprisonment in prayer and recollection. After 15 months of imprisonment, he was beheaded.
Thomas More was beatified by Pope Leo XIII, in 1886 and was canonized by Pope Pius XI in 1935.
St Thomas More was concerned with the unity of the church and what the church teaches. He was against intimidation and would rather displease the King than to cowardly conform and give displeasure to God.
Please feel free to share your reflections/insights/inputs in the comment box below. Thank you and God Bless
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Tuesday, November 24, 2009
Feast Day: August 4
Patron of Parish Priests
Year of the Priest (2009 -2010)
Father Jean-Marie Baptiste Vianney arrived in the church around 2 in the morning, carrying a lighted candle in his hand. Thousands of pilgrims from all over France all wanted to confess to the Curé of Ars. Day in and day out, Fr. Vianney started very early and end late in the night to accommodate the continual flow of pilgrims willing to hear confessions.
Jean-Marie was born in 1786 in the village of Dardilly, France and grew up in a peasant family.
His family would attend mass in secret as the churches were closed during the French Revolution.
At 16, Jean-Marie Vianney told his family his desire to become a priest. To this, his father objected. And not until 3 years after, that his father finally relented and Jean-Marie left for the neighboring town, Ecully. Though the young lad had little formal schooling, had known no Latin and had struggled academically, Father Balley saw his potential. He accepted and trained Vianney himself.
Ordained a Priest
By the time he reached 29, John Vianney was ordained a priest.
His first assignment was to serve as Father Balley’s assistant in Ecully. Fr. Vianney’s sermon caused the church to be filled as simple people identified themselves with him. After the death of Father Balley, the young priest was sent to the little town of Ars, an obscure place known for its taverns and the villager’s indifference to religion.
Father Vianney’s first mass was attended only by a handful of old ladies. “There is not much love for God in the parish” was the vicar general’s warning and this echoed as he saw the almost empty church. Thus, his mission of bringing the people to repentance and leading his flock to holiness began. He intensified his prayers and penance. Vianney maintained the habit of reading & studying and he took efforts in preparing his sermons. And by the example he set, he inspired many.
He would exhort the people to stay out of taverns, visited them in their homes and invited them to love the Church. Eventually, the bars closed one after another and the people’s attention shifted in repairing their dilapidated church.
Father Jean-Marie encouraged devotion to the Blessed Sacrament, held an annual procession in honor of the Feast of Corpus Christi and called the villagers to a life of prayer. This made them understand the necessity of the sacraments and gradually people were brought to confession and Holy Communion that created waves of conversions. Soon, Ars was known as the “Islet of Holiness”.
A Life Lived For Others
His care for the people was genuine and many came to seek him. All kinds of people from neighboring places came to Ars to listen to him. The sick came to be healed and St. Vianney sought the intercession of St. Philomena for the healing of the sick. He also put a free school for girls that eventually turned into an orphanage. Everyday he would spend not less than 15 hours in the confessional and sometimes he would be heard weeping at the offenses made against God. Such was the love, patience, compassion and zeal Father Vianney lavished on God’s people.
As Father Jean-Marie Vianney was winning souls, he was on the other hand battling the preternatural harassment of the Devil. The parish priest would be knocked down by a hard slap and yet no one was in the room with him. Shouts, loud knocks and other strange noises were heard. Vianney noticed that this intensified the night before a huge conversion or “a big catch” was made and he sees this as a good sign.
For 41 years, Father Jean-Marie Vianney remained the parish priest in Ars, and yet unknown to many, the temptation to leave Ars and to live in solitude was among the many challenges he had to face. He felt unworthy to be a parish priest and repeatedly sought permission from the Bishop to leave the town but each time he was denied. In his great desire to live in a monastery, he attempted several times to slip out of the village only to come back again for he sensed deep within him that God was calling him to remain in Ars and his work with the sinners was his mission in life.
*Before Fr. Jean-Marie Vianney was sent to Ars, the Lord was not the center of the townspeople’s lives. Father Vianney’s vocation as a priest was lived to the point where he truly became "another Christ" and his prayers and examples made the people feel that Christ is present among them.
When the people began living their lives centered on God, their lives began to change.
*No matter how little we have to offer, God is able to use our lives to benefit others.
*Matthew 12: 29
“How can anyone break into the strong man’s house and make off with his belongings, unless he first ties him up? Only then can he plunder his house.”
The role of priests is vital and irreplaceable - they administer the sacraments, presides over Mass, absolves sins…. No wonder priests are constantly assailed by God’s enemies. In the above verse, the priest represents the strong man in the house. Bring the priest down and the rest will follow. Father Vianney fought against these evils with prayer, fasting, penance and a deep relationship with God.
Our duty is to pray for our priests and provide them with the support and encouragement they need.
Please feel free to share your reflections/insights/inputs in the comment box below. Thank you and God bless!
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